COPD is often caused by prolonged exposure to irritants that damage the lungs and airways. In the United States, cigarette smoke is the leading cause. A pipe, cigarette, and other types of tobacco smoke can also cause COPD, especially if you inhale them. Exposure to other inhaled irritants may contribute to COPD.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is an ongoing lung disorder that makes it difficult to breathe. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstruction of airflow from the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, mucus (sputum) production, and wheezing. It is usually due to prolonged exposure to irritating gases or particles, most often from cigarette smoke.
People with COPD have a higher risk of developing heart disease, lung cancer, and a variety of other conditions. COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a progressive disease that makes breathing difficult. Progressive means that the disease worsens over time. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) occurs when the lungs and airways become damaged and inflamed.
COPD is a lung disease that makes it difficult to breathe. It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years, usually from smoking. Most cases of COPD are related to smoking or inhaling secondhand smoke. However, you can have COPD without smoking.
Other factors may also increase the likelihood of developing these lung diseases. In general, the first symptom that a patient with COPD will have is coughing and breathing difficulties typical of bronchitis, emphysema and asthma. COPD results from damage to the lungs from cigarette smoking or inhaling second-hand smoke or other lung irritants such as air pollution, chemical fumes, or dust. Having a low level of AAT protein can cause lung damage and COPD if exposed to smoke or other lung irritants.
About 1 in 100 people with COPD have a genetic tendency to develop the condition, called alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. Smoking is the biggest risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. If your COPD is more severe or if your symptoms flare up frequently, your doctor may prescribe a combination of medicines that include a bronchodilator and an inhaled steroid. However, working around large amounts of various chemical fumes, such as welding fumes, or various powders, such as mineral dust, can put you at greater risk of developing COPD.
As COPD gets worse, you may have trouble breathing even when you do simple things like dressing or preparing a meal. People with asthma may have a higher risk of getting COPD, but the reasons for this are not fully understood. Maintaining proper nutrition is also very important for COPD patients because their daily activities often require more energy than normal. Long-term exposure to lung irritants that damage the lungs and airways is often the cause of COPD.
Although there is no cure for COPD, its symptoms can be treated and its quality of life can be improved. This form of COPD is caused by a genetic (inherited) condition that affects the body's ability to make a protein (alpha) that protects the lungs.